Reinke’s edema is caused by chronic voice abuse and vocal damage.
It is also related to smoking.
Reinke’s edema causes the vocal folds to swell giving them a sac-like appearance.
Reinke’s edema is one of the chronic laryngitis and its main symptom is continuous hoarseness.
When this disease grows in size then it often causes shortness of breath by blocking the chord glottis.
The conservative treatment involves removing the source of irritant in the larynx, vocal treatments, and smoking cessation.
Surgeries include laryngo-micro surgery using laryngo-micro equipments or CO2 laser
which removes the submucosal edema to help restore the normal vocal fold tissue.