Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is the inflammation of the larynx or pharynx (throat) caused by stomach acid or food backing up into the esophagus.
If you have symptoms like chronic hoarseness, frequent or dry cough, sensation of a lump in the throat or difficulty and pain swallowing food then you may be diagnosed with Laryngopharyngeal reflux. For some patients, they feel heartburn or have lots of phlegm. If you have symptoms mentioned above and you are a heavy smoker then you should visit a laryngologist and get examined for laryngopharyngeal reflux. If possibilities of LPR are found, then you will first have your throat examined and then the larynx and the deep parts of the throat. If the larynx and throat are swollen or inflamed, then a special examination or proper medical treatment will be required.
The treatment method varies according to the symptom and general treatments for LPR are as follows.
Diet modifications to reduce reflux.
Medications to restrain stomach acid.
Surgery to prevent reflux.
Anyone who has LPR must change his diet and body posture. He must also take appropriate medicine.
At times, antacids such as Mylanta, Almagel, Amphojel, and Curan, or drugs that accelerate the
gastroesophageal sphincter muscle and prevent reflux like Cisapride and Motilium can be used.
Drugs that strongly restrain stomach acid secretion like Pariet and Omeprazole can also be used.